indication is primarily an agricultural, natural or manufactured
product (handicrafts and industrial goods) originating from a
definite geographical territory. Some examples are Darjeeling Tea,
Chanderi Saree, Champagne wine and Kanjeewaram silk.
Consequent upon India
joining as a member state of TRIPS Agreement sui-generis
legislation for the protection of geographical indication was
enacted in 1999. The object of the Geographical Indications of Goods
(Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 is three fold, firstly by
specific law governing the geographical indication of goods in the
country which could adequately protect the interest of producers of
such goods, secondly, to exclude unauthorized persons from misusing
geographical indications and to protect consumers from deception and
thirdly, to promote goods bearing Indian geographical indications in
the export market.
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