The types of courts in India are given below:
The Supreme Court of India is the highest or the apex judicial forum and final court of appeal as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India.
The Supreme Court enjoys writ, appellate, original and advisory jurisdiction. In addition to this, the Supreme Court and High Courts also enjoy the power of judicial review.
High Courts are the highest courts at the States and Union Territories level. These courts have jurisdiction over a State, a Union Territory or a group of States and Union Territories.
The High Courts in India enjoys writ, appellate and revisional jurisdiction, whereas the High Courts at Calcutta, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai also enjoy original jurisdiction.
Various Tribunals and Appellate Boards:
The Indian Judicial System also consist of many Tribunals and Appellate Boards constituted for a specific purpose. The power, jurisdiction and procedure of these forums is genrally governed by the the Stautes constituting them. Intellectual Property Appellate Board (“IPAB”) is one of the most prominent among these forums and it enjoys appellate as well as original jurisdiction in IP matters.
District and Session Courts:
Generally, each state is divided into judicial districts presided over by a 'District and Sessions Judge'. He is known as a District Judge when he presides over a civil case, and a Sessions Judge when he presides over a criminal case. He is the highest judicial authority at district level. Constitution of courts below this level varies from state to state.
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