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UNDERSTANDING ADVOCATE ON RECORD (AOR) IN SUPREME COURT OF INDIA

Who is an Advocate on Record (Aor) in India?

An Advocate on Record (AOR) is an advocate entitled under the Order IV of the Supreme Court Rules, 2013 to act as well as to plead for a party in the Supreme Court of India. As per the Rules, no advocate other than an advocate on record shall be entitled to file an appearance or act for a party in the Supreme Court of India. No advocate other than an Advocate on Record (AOR) can appear and plead in any matter unless an advocate on record instructs him.

IS IT MANDATORY TO ENGAGE AN AOR FOR FILING A SPECIAL LEAVE PETITION (SLP) IN SUPREME COURT of India?

An Advocate on Record (AOR) in Supreme Court of India is an advocate who has cleared the exam held by the Supreme Court of India and has registered as an Advocate on Record with the Honorable Supreme Court of India. An Advocate on Record is entitled under the Order IV of the Supreme Court Rules, 2013 to act as well as to plead for a party in the Supreme Court of India. As per the Rules, no advocate other than an advocate on record shall be entitled to file an appearance or act for a party in the Supreme Court of India. No advocate other than an Advocate on Record (AOR) can appear and plead in any matter unless an advocate on record instructs him.

WHAT are THE ROLEs OF AN Advocate on Record (AOR) in india?

The roles of an Advocate on Record (AOR) in India are:

  • Only an Advocate on Record (AOR) can file a Vakalatnama in the Supreme Court on behalf of the client. Vakalatnama is a document in writing, appointing a lawyer or pleader to represent the clients matter in a court of law.
  • No advocate other than an Advocate on Record (AOR) can appear and plead in any matter unless an Advocate on Record (AOR) instructs him.
  • Any notices or orders/ correspondence by the Supreme Court are sent to the Advocate on Record (AOR) and Advocate on Record has to maintain an office in Delhi within a radius of 16 kilometer from the Court and also employ a clerk, which is also the registered clerk of Advocate on record with the Supreme Court.

How can an Advocate in India Become an Advocate on Record (AOR) in India?

An advocate can become an Advocate on Record (AOR) if he/she fulfills the following criterias:

  • Advocate must be enrolled with any state Bar Council for a period of not less than four years on the date of commencement of his training;
  • The advocate needs to complete one year training with an Advocate on Record (AOR) of not less than five years standing are eligible for the examination;
  • After training for one year the advocate has to appear for an examination conducted by the Supreme Court itself;
  • After passing the exam, the advocate must have a registered office within a radius of 16 kilometers from the Supreme Court and gives an undertaking to employ, within one month of his being registered as Advocate on Record (AOR), a registered clerk;

What is the Difference between an Advocate and Advocate on Record (AOR)?

An advocate is a legally trained professional to practice law before a Court of Law. An advocate is authorized to appear before the court in the cases on behalf of a party. However, an Advocate on Record (AOR) is a special category of advocate who is entitled to file a memorandum of appearance on behalf of party accompanied by a Vakaltanama duly executed by the party in the matter to conduct and prosecute before the Supreme Court of India. As per the Rules, no advocate other than an advocate on record shall be entitled to file an appearance or act for a party in the Supreme Court of India. No advocate other than an Advocate on Record (AOR) can appear and plead in any matter unless an advocate on record instructs him.

Can a Law-Firm be Registered an AOR in India?

Yes, a law firm can be registered as an Advocate on Record (AOR). S.S. Rana & Co. is one of the very few IP firms registered as advocate-on-record with the honorable Supreme Court of India, which equips it to represent clients from the lower courts right up to the apex court.

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