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Food Safety Laws in India

The Indian food industry in the recent times has emerged as a high profit sector. The food industry is one of the largest industries in India and is placed at rank fifth in terms of production, consumption, export and expected growth.  

Food laws are related to the production, manufacturing and selling of a food product. It begins from the standards for production and continues till the packaging or labelling of a product. Food laws are to ensure the safety and health of an individual cosuming a particular product.

Section 272 and section 273 of the Indian penal code, 1860 deal with the offence of adulteration of food and drink intended for sale. It entails punishment of six months imprisonment or payment of inr 1000 as fine where a person adulterates any article of food or drink, so as to make such article noxious as food or drink, intendes to sell such article as food or drink, or knowing it to be likely that the same will be sold as food or drink.

FSSAI: the national food regulator

 the food safety and standards authority of India (FSSAI) has been established under food safety and standards act, 2006 (FSS) which consolidates various acts & orders like:

  • Prevention of food adulteration act, 1954
  • Fruit products order, 1955
  • Meat food products order, 1973
  • Vegetable oil products (control) order, 1947
  • Edible oils packaging (regulation) order 1988
  • Solvent extracted oil, de- oiled meal and edible flour (control) order, 1967
  • Milk and milk products order, 1992

The aforesaid acts and orders stand repealed after commencement of the FSS act, 2006.

FSSAI has been created for laying down science based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.

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