Following are essentially some of the ways in which a franchise system may be expanded overseas:
The franchisor, either from its headquarters or from foreign branch operation, grants individual franchises to franchisees in the target country
The franchisor enters into a master franchise agreement.
The franchisor establishes a subsidiary in the target country, and that subsidiary acts as the franchisor.
A joint venture is established between the franchisor and a third party who is knowledgeable about the target country. The joint venture will acts as the franchisor in the target country.