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LEGAL METROLOGY MEANING IN INDIA

Metrology refers to the science of measurement. Legal Metrology refers to the units and methods of weighment and measurement, subject to laws and regulations. To provide a uniform standard of weights and measures, the Standards of Weight and Measurement Act, 1976 and the Standards of Weights and Measures (Enforcement) Act, 1985 were enacted. However, advancement in science and technology brought about improvement in the scope of weights and measures. Therefore, to standardize weights and measures in trade and commerce and keep up with the advances in science and technology, the Legal Metrology Act, 2009 was enacted, repealing the Standards of Weight and Measurement Act, 1976 and the Standards of Weights and Measures (Enforcement) Act, 1985. Similarly, Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules, 2011 (“PC Rules”) were enacted underlying the rules relating to mandatory declarations on packaged commodities, registrations of manufactures/packers/importers, provisions relating to wholesale and retail dealers, Power of Government to inspect the premises, penalty etc. which are being amended from time to time to ensure that the law keeps pace with changes in technology

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