SSRana Newsletter 2023 Issue 05

June 19, 2023
Information Technology Hardware

Cabinet approves Production Linked Incentive Scheme for IT hardware

Information about Electronic hardware

By Rupin Chopra and Apalka Bareja


India is becoming a major electronics manufacturing nation as the global ecosystem of electronics manufacturing moves in India. Electronics manufacturing in India has witnessed consistent growth with 17% Compound Annual Growth Rate (“CAGR”) in last 8 years. This year it crossed a major benchmark in production – 105 billion USD (about Rs 9 lakh crore).1

On May 17, 2023, the Union Cabinet, chaired by the Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the second phase of the Production Linked Incentive (“PLI”) Scheme 2.0 for IT Hardware with a budgetary outlay Rs. 17,000 crore, more than doubling the incentives in the initial version of PLI scheme for IT hardware which aimed at attracting global companies to manufacture in India.

Production Linked Incentive or PLI scheme

Production Linked Incentive or PLI scheme is a scheme that aims to give companies incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in domestic units. The main aim of this scheme is to invite foreign investors to set up their manufacturing units in India and also promote the local manufacturers to expand their units and generate employment and cut down the country’s reliance on imports from other countries. It was introduced as a part of the National Policy on Electronics by the IT Ministry to give incentives of 4-6% to electronic companies, manufacturing electronic components like mobile phones, transistors, diodes, etc.2

In February 2021, the government had approved the PLI scheme for IT hardware, covering the production of laptops, tablets, All-in-One PCs, servers and ultra-small form factor devices with an outlay of Rs. 7,350 crore.

Tenure of the Production Linked Incentive Scheme 2.0

The tenure of this scheme will be applicable for 6 years. The government expects incremental production of Rs. 3.35 lakh crore, incremental investments worth Rs. 2,430 crore with incremental employment of 75,000 in this scheme.

Source: Press Release available at:

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Hallmarking of gold

Hallmarking of gold Jewellery

By Rupin Chopra and Apalka Bareja

The Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution (“MoCAPD”) via a press release dated March 31, 2023, issued the Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery and Gold Artefacts (Second Amendment) Order, 2023 to further amend the Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery and Gold Artefacts Order, 2020.

Since gold is of such intrinsic value and is considered to be a popular investment choice by the majority of people, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) in order to safeguard consumers from adulteration and to oblige jewellers to maintain legal purity standards has taken this noteworthy step.

In an examination of the power conferred by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016, the Central Government amended the Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery and Gold Artefacts Order, 2020 and inserted a proviso under sub-clause (2A) of Clause 2.

According to the proviso, if any person had already given declaration under Section 18(4) of the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016 regarding his old stock of gold jewellery or gold artefacts containing old hallmak as existed before July 01, 2021, then such person shall be allowed to sell or display or offer to sell such old stock of Gold jewellery or Gold artefacts upto June 30, 2023.

This amendment allows jewellers to sell their old stock of gold jewellery or gold artefacts with old ‘four marks hallmarking’ till June 30, 2023, which they had declared prior to July 1, 2021.

1. The Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery and Gold Artefacts (Second Amendment) Order, 2023 available here:

2. The Hallmarking of Gold Jewellery and Gold Artefacts (Amendment) Order, 2020 available here:

3. The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016 available here:

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Reduction in amount of Individual Fee while designating Pakistan

Reduction in amount of Individual Fee

By Abhishek Chandok and Parthvi Khandelwal

The Madrid Protocol entered into force for the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on May 24, 2021. Pakistan becomes 108th member of the Madrid System.

The Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in accordance with rule 35(2) (d) of the Regulations under the Madrid Protocol has established new amounts, in Swiss francs, of the individual fee that is payable when Pakistan is designated in an international application, in a designation subsequent to an international registration and in respect of the renewal of an international registration in which the Pakistan has been designated.

As from July 01, 2023, the amounts of the individual fee payable in respect of Pakistan is mentioned below:

Items Amount(in Swiss francs i.e. CHF)
Until June 30, 2023 To be applicable as from July 01, 2023
Application or Subsequent Designation for each class of goods or services 75 54
Renewal – for each class of goods or services 66 48

The new amount will be payable in the following scenarios:

1- In case Pakistan is designated in an international application which is received by the Office of origin on or after July 1, 2023, or

2- If the subject of a subsequent designation which is received by the Office of the Contracting Party of the holder on or after July 1, 2023, or is filed directly with the International Pakistan of WIPO on or after that date; or

3- If it has been designated in an international registration which is renewed on or after July 1, 2023.

The Official notice issued by WIPO can be accessed by clicking

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Plea of Maternity Leave for PG and UG Courses- India

Plea of Maternity Leave

By Anuradha Gandhi and Rachita Thakur


The Constitution of India guarantees its citizen the right to be treated equally, irrespective of their gender, race, religion or caste. The Constitution envisages an egalitarian society where citizens would exercise their rights, and the society as well as the State would allow the manifestation of their rights.

One such aspect of exercising the right to dignity was considered by the Hon’ble Delhi High Court in a recent case of, University Grants Commission v. Chaudhary Charan Singh University, wherein a woman filed a plea seeking direction on University Grants Commission to frame rules and regulations for grant of maternity leave for post-graduate and under-graduate courses.

While deciding the case, the Court observed:

“A man could then well enjoy parenthood while pursuing his higher education, whereas a woman necessarily has to undergo pre and post pregnancy care. It is not her choice, but the will of nature. What is, however, left for us to decide is the consequence we would impose upon a woman who bears a child.”

What led to the filing of the plea?

The petitioner, enrolled in the Chaudhary Charan Singh University (hereinafter referred to as “the University”) for pursuing two years M.Ed regular course and filed for maternity leave before the concerned Dean and the Vice – Chancellor of the University and the same was rejected.

The petitioner then approached the High Court of Delhi praying for directions allowing her benefit of maternity leave and grant her relaxation of attendance for completing Master of Education (M.Ed) course.

The Petitioner laid emphasis on the circular issued by the University Grants Commission, UGC (Minimum Standards and Procedure Award of M.Phil./Ph.D Degrees) Regulations, 2016 (hereinafter ‘UGC Regulations, 2016’) providing for women candidates to avail maternity leave/child care leave (‘CCL’) once in the entire duration of M.Phil/Ph.D course for up to 240 days.

Court’s Considerations

The Court took note of the UGC Regulations and based its observations on the fact that the course pursued by the petitioner is governed by the provisions of National Council for Teacher Education Act 1993 (hereinafter referred to as the “NCTE Act”) and not the UGC Regulations. Therefore, the question before the court was to determine whether, in the absence of any specific provisions for maternity leave, the same can be directed to be favourably considered by the University.

While dealing with the question of law, the court referred to Entry 26 of List III of the Constitution and Article 42 of the Constitution that reads as follows:

26. Welfare of labour including conditions of work, provident funds, employers, liability, workmen’s compensation, invalidity and old age pensions and maternity benefits.”

“42. Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief.—The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.”

The court then stepped up to refer to precedents set relating to the reproductive rights of women thereby bringing them under the ambit of Article 21 of the Constitution.

  • Suchita Srivastava v. Chandigarh Admn.,

The Supreme Court in the present case held that the reproductive choices are inherent to a woman’s right to privacy, dignity and bodily integrity which in turn are encompassed under Article 21 of the Constitution of India. It was further observed that the crucial consideration is that a woman’s right to privacy, dignity and bodily integrity should be respected and in no manner any restriction should be placed on the exercise of reproductive choices of a woman.

  • The court further referred to the landmark judgment on the rights of workmen in the case of Bandhua Mukti Morcha v. Union of India, wherein the Supreme Court held that it is the right of workers, men and women to have access to facilities for children to develop in healthy manner and conditions of freedom of dignity and just and human conditions for work and maternity relief.

The Hon’ble High Court made several references to the intent of the Constitution to provide the citizens with the opportunity to exercise their rights and the duty of the society to allow the manifestation of such rights. The Court thus, held that the citizens would thus, not be forced to choose between their right to education and their right to exercise reproductive autonomy.

Furthermore, the observations of the Hon’ble High Court were to create an inclusive path for women by not hindering their educational prospects because of the necessity to undergo the pre and post pregnancy care which is not a choice but a will of nature.


It was further iterated that there exist two roads, that is, either to follow the existing legal procedure blindly and tread as is in the current scenario or be sensitive to the person in dispute and apply the values imbibed in the Constitution and accommodate for the law falling short of societal development.

By choosing the second path laid down above, the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi allowed the petitioner a leave of 59 days under the ‘theory classes’ on the condition that the petitioner shall also fulfill 80% attendance criteria in the theory classes and issued the said directions to the University.


The judgement comes as progressive step ahead to eliminate stereotypes related to women and allowing them relaxations in fulfilling their educational, professional lives thereby striking balance with their personal lives is an integral element to ensure gender sensitivity. Gender sensitivity is a path towards upholding the freedom of right to life and liberty.

  1. W.P. (C)3559/2023
  2. (2009) 9 SCC 1
  3. (1984) 3 SCC 161

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