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WHAT ARE THE ROLES AND POWERS OF THE DISTRICT AND SESSIONS COURTS IN THE INDIAN JUDICIAL SYSTEM?

Depending upon the population and the number of cases, every district in India has its own District and Sessions Court. The District and Sessions Courts are under the direct control of the High Court of the state in which the district belongs.

The lower court (e.g. Nyaya Panchayat or Munsiffs court) deals with minor cases while the higher courts (e.g., subordinate Judge’s court or District Judge’s court) deal with important cases.

The Jurisdiction of the District and Sessions Court is limited to the districts in which they are situated. The jurisdiction of the District and Sessions Court is defined not just by the territorial limits but also by the pecuniary limits laid down by the legislature. The district court has appellate jurisdiction over all subordinate courts situated in the district on both civil and criminal matters. Judicial independence of each court is the characteristic feature of the district judiciary.

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