BIS Registration for Indian Standards
ISI mark stands for the Indian Standards Institution Mark, it refers to the standard essential compliance mark which is applicable on the compliant products as per guidelines by the bureau. The Body that controls the ISI Certification is the National Standard Body of India i.e. Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), which was established under the BIS Act, 2016 for the harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
The ISI Mark is with respect to the manufacturing of goods and applies to both the Indian as well as foreign manufacturers. The products that are to be certified under the ISI certification are majorly consumer products, ranging from Cement, steel products, food & related products, household electrical goods, medical equipment, tyre & tubes, chemical & fertilizers, etc.
As enunciated above, these standards vastly focus on the aspect of consumer safety and efficient product safety. It assists in assuring the consumers with reference to the quality of the product. Furthermore, it also instills a level of competitiveness in the market, as a result of which, the consumers are only furnished with the best quality of products. Moreover, there’s an obligation upon the manufacturers not to sell or manufacture the goods, unless and until they are assented through the way of the ISI Certification.
Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)
The BIS is responsible for granting the ISI Certification through a careful examination of the premises and the quality standards maintained while the goods are produced and even after the finished product is used. The most imperative function that is performed by the ISI product certification scheme is to work upon the aspect of providing uniformity and leading to the standardization of the product.
Usually, obtaining the ISI Certification is purely voluntary. However, there are some domains in which the ISI Certification is mandatory. The same has been enunciated under the Section 16 of The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016, whereby the Central Government has the authority to designate the categories of products under which the ISI certification is compulsory. Some of the classic examples of the same is the electric wires, appliances, motors, etc. It also includes the automobile components and the food related items as well as cements and steel products. There are 19,000 standards formulated for products across the 16 categories.
The BIS is under the obligation to provide continuous monitoring of the product and promote the circulation of only good quality products as well the products which are safe for use. In pursuance of the same, in 2019, BIS also introduced the ‘Guidelines for Grant of License (GoL) as per the conformity assessment Scheme – I of Schedule – II of BIS (Conformity Assessment) Regulations, 2018.’ The GoL Guidelines provide two options for the grant of the license. The two options can be understood as follows and these are to be opted or made in accordance to BIS Conformity Assessment Regulations 2018:
- Option 1: Under this option, the application is to be made with regard to the aforementioned mandate and it should be followed by a visit to the factory of the applicant for the assessment of the infrastructure as well as manufacturing safety, production process, quality control and testing capabilities of the sample which are to be later tested by the third party laboratories.
- Option 2: The application should be made on the lines of the BIS Regulations, 2018 and in consonance of the same, the applicant is made to submit the application of examination of the samples by third party laboratories. In furtherance of the same, the conformity test reports are to be submitted with the plea for a visit to the factory and requisite the examinations by the Bureau.
Procedure of Registration of ISI Certification
The license to use the ISI mark is granted for not less than one year and up to two years. The ISI mark license can also be renewed for a period of minimum one year and up to five years. Moreover, if the consumers come across any unaccounted situation whereby it is found that a standard certification mark is being misused then they are under the obligation to contact the nearest BIS Office. Furthermore, the Section 29 of The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016 also enunciates upon the penalty for contravention of the provisions of the act.
The application for the ISI certification mark can also be rejected if the samples that were collected do not meet the requisite standards or if the factory visit proves that the applicant does not have the optimum level of technical expertise to manufacture a particular standard product or if there is any kind of discrepancy in the documents submitted by the applicant or if the manufacturer is financially incapable of performing the manufacturing process.
It should be duly noted that the BIS is under the obligation to declare the status of an application within 30-40 days from submission of the laboratory results and the completion of the documentation.
The aforementioned deliberations provide a tough stance for the examination of the quality of the products. However, this leaves a hanging question as to why do we still have so many sub-standard products present in the market and the Consumer Forums are bustling with complaints over unsafe or adulterated products. The first and the foremost reason of the same is the purchase of the products which are not certified with the ISI Certification. It is due to the presence of the voluntary registration of the ISI Mark which in turn leads to an only few manufacturers getting their products tested. Moreover, there is also a burden that is cast upon the BIS to make regular assessments to ascertain that the manufacturers have maintained the quality of the products which have been certified with the ISI Certification mark. Moreover, there are many manufacturers which are using the ISI Certification Mark without even being granted with the certification. To curb this misdeed, the BIS has to take a supplementary vestige in recognizing the entities which are falsely using the ISI Certification and work upon eliminating the same.
 Compulsory Registration Scheme (CRS), Electronics and Information Technology Goods (Requirement for Compulsory Registration) Order, 2012, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY).
 Section 9 (2) of The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016.
 Guidelines for Grant of Licence (GoL) as per the conformity assessment Scheme – I of Schedule – II of BIS (Conformity Assessment) Regulations, 2018, CMD-I/2:12:1.
 D.Thillairaj vs Bureau of Indian Standards, Crl. R. C No. 106 of 2015 and M. P. No. 1 of 105.